Minority religious groups continued to state that national and local governments gave preference to the ROC, and they reported incidents of government discrimination against them, including exclusive ROC representation at many government-sponsored events. In March the news site evz.
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The law allows all types of tibet dating site organizations to bury their dead in cemeteries belonging to other religious organizations, with the exception of cemeteries belonging to local Jewish and Muslim communities.
By law, non-Muslims and non-Jews are not entitled to be buried in Jewish or Muslim cemeteries. Public cemeteries must have separate sections for each religious denomination if requested by the denominations operating in the locality. The law allows clergy from recognized religious denominations to minister to military personnel.
Under various other arrangements, clergy of recognized religious denominations, and in some cases religious associations, may enter hospitals, orphanages, and retirement homes to undertake religious activities. Religious denominations and religious associations may undertake activities in penitentiaries, subject to approval by the director of the detention facility.
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The law provides for the restitution of religious properties confiscated between andduring World War II WWII and the ensuing communist regime, as long as the properties are in the possession of the state. The law does not address the general return of properties currently used as places of worship by another religious group. A separate statute on the reinstatement of the Greek Catholic Church regulates the restitution of properties to the Church from the ROC.
The law establishes a points system of compensation in cases where in-kind restitution is not possible. The NCREC also validates compensation decisions of other local or central authorities, including those of the Special Restitution Commission SRCwhich decides on restitution claims filed by religious denominations and national minorities.
The law establishes a day deadline by which claimants tibet dating site submit additional evidence in their cases at the specific request of the entity in charge of resolving their restitution claim.
If a claimant does not meet the deadline, the administrative authority may reject the case. The authority may extend the deadline by an additional days if the claimants prove they made a concerted effort to obtain the evidence, usually in the possession of other state authorities, but were unable to do so.
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The law designates the present-day Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania as the legitimate inheritor of forfeited communal Jewish property and accords priority to private claims by Holocaust survivors. The law does not address heirless or unclaimed property left by Holocaust victims. Romanian and foreign citizens who were persecuted based on ethnic criteria between and are entitled to a monthly pension.
The amount of the pension varies, depending on the type and length of persecution endured. The pension is available to survivors and their families who are no longer Romanian citizens, thus entitling U. A law that went into effect in July allows Holocaust survivors residing in foreign countries and are eligible for compensation in Romania to prove they were victims of racial and ethnic persecution based on official documents released by institutions of the country of residence.
The law also exempts Holocaust survivors residing in foreign countries from having to physically submit their applications for compensation at the pension offices in the country and allows them to use other means of tibet dating site to apply.
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By law, religious education in schools is optional in both public and private schools. Each of the 18 legally recognized religious denominations is entitled to offer religion classes, based on its own religious teachings, in schools.
A denomination may offer classes regardless of the number of students adhering to the denomination in a school. Although a student normally takes a school course based on the religious teachings of the denomination to which the student belongs, it is also possible for a student to take a religion course offered by his tibet dating site her denomination outside the school system and bring a certificate from the denomination to receive academic credit.
Religion teachers in public schools are government employees, but each religious denomination approves the appointment and retention of the teachers of its religion classes. The law forbids proselytizing in public and private schools.
If teachers proselytize, the school management determines the appropriate punishment, based on the conclusions of tibet dating site internal committee. The law bans discrimination on religious grounds in all areas of public life.
It also bans religious defamation and stirring conflict on religious grounds, as well as public offenses against religious symbols. According to amendments to a law that went into effect in April, deceased adherents of Judaism are exempted from autopsy upon the request of their families or the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and if law enforcement determines there are no suspicious circumstances surrounding their death.
The previous version of the law did not allow for such an exemption. By law, anti-Semitism is defined as a perception of Jews expressed in the form of anti-Jewish hatred, as well as speech and physical acts motivated by hatred that target Jews, non-Jews or their belongings, Jewish community institutions, or Jewish places of worship.
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Criminal liability is waived if the person involved in establishing such an organization informs authorities before the organization begins its activity; penalties are halved if the individual tibet dating site authorities with the criminal investigation. Legislation also makes manufacturing, selling, distributing, owning with intent to distribute, and using racist, fascist, xenophobic, and Legionnaire symbols illegal.
Publicly promoting persons convicted of genocide, crimes against humanity, or war crimes may incur fines and prison terms ranging from three months to three years and from six months to five years if done online. The same penalties apply to publicly promoting anti-Semitic, fascist, Legionnaire, racist, or xenophobic ideas, worldviews, or doctrines. The law allows religious workers from legally recognized religious organizations to enter and remain in the country under an extended-stay visa. Visa applicants must receive approval by the State Secretariat for Religious Affairs and submit evidence they represent religious organizations legally established in the country.
The secretariat may extend such visas for up to five years. As of December, 36 entities with diverse religious affiliations were registered as religious associations, up one from 35 in Because religion and ethnicity are closely linked, it was difficult to categorize the following incidents as based solely on religious identity. They also said the recently built Orthodox-style monuments honoring Romanian soldiers were placed on top of the graves of predominantly Catholic Hungarian soldiers.
On May 16, media outlets posted a video showing a group of Hungarian-speaking persons covering the crosses and monument to Romanian soldiers in black plastic bags.
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UDMR condemned the covering of crosses and called it a provocation meant to discredit the Hungarian community in Romania. On May 29, the mayor of Sanmartin closed the Valea Uzului military cemetery for 30 days.
On June 6, hundreds of persons equipped with loudspeakers, including several ROC priests, arrived at the cemetery to commemorate the Romanian soldiers believed to be buried there.
They were met by approximately members of the Gendarmerie, an agency of the Ministry of the Interior in charge of ensuring public order, who positioned themselves between the ethnic Romanians and hundreds of ethnic Hungarians who would not allow the ethnic Romanians to enter the cemetery.
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Eventually, some ethnic Romanians forced their way into the cemetery, where they held a ceremony commemorating ethnic Romanian soldiers. Several observers reported that the commemoration resembled the ritual performed by members of the outlawed Legionnaire Movement to commemorate their deceased. They requested assistance from the State Secretariat for Religious Denominations to establish a cemetery, and from the local governments of Cluj-Napoca and Bucharest to acquire an appropriate lot.
They also continued to criticize the three-tier classification system for religious organizations. All of the claims were submitted before the deadline. In 14 cases, the filers withdrew their claims. According to NAPR, religious denominations appealed 63 decisions the SRC submitted to the courts during the year, compared with 53 in The Roman Catholic Church made four appeals 12 in ; the ROC made 24 nine in ; the Greek Catholics made 18 13 in ; the Evangelical Augustinian Church made four two in ; and the Jewish community made 10 12 in Information concerning court decisions on these cases was unavailable.
During the year, NAPR reviewed claims submitted by the Greek Catholic Church, compared with claims inbut it did not restore any property to the Church or grant it compensation in any cases.
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